'Tis the Season for Family Research
Around this time of year (February through approximately early summer), Metro Archives tends to see an increase in individuals doing genealogical research. For whatever reason, we welcome the frequency of usage of our genealogy records. Also for this reason, here's a list of our most helpful and commonly-used materials, and some other tips when doing family research.
As I was typing the summary above, I received at least 2 more requests for assistance with genealogy research. So that exemplifies my point - people love doing research this time of year!
Before giving you the list of our materials, I'd like to clarify to those that are reading but are not familiar with genealogy research, that genealogy is no easy task. Many individuals that have traced their families back several centuries have spent A LOT OF TIME (and money in some cases) doing it. While it's always worth it, just know that it's not a process that will yield all answers overnight, (unless a family member has already done the work for you, like my family). But you also don't need to be a professional for this kind of research, just patient and willing to do the work.
It's also important to clarify for researchers planning to visit us that not all of the materials listed below are in one location. We do not have a genealogy corner set-up for easy access, so knowing what you specifically want to see, and names and dates is highly helpful for us when assisting you in this process.
If reading everything I've written below doesn't satisfy you (you're a saint if you do read it all), and you want to know more, here are a couple of websites that will further broaden your genealogy mind:
Our Website NashvilleArchives.org:
My coworker, Kelley, manages the website and has done a phenomenal job with providing all the appropriate information about who we are, what we have, and how we can help you. There's a link on the page under "How Do I..." that says "Begin My Genealogy Research" where she also explains almost exactly what I've said above. I recommend checking it out as well.
One of the top links you find when searching "genealogy" in Google is the National Archives website. There are many helpful tools and other websites that they provide for you here if you'd prefer to check them out (you won't hurt my feelings). They even reference our Library site as a useful link, which brings me to my next recommendation...
This page is short, but very sweet. The Library lists 2 helpful sites that are free if you are either in a Library or have a Library card - Ancestry (free inside a Library building) and Heritage Quest (can be accessed at home with a Library card). Both of these pull from primary sources such as census, vital, and even war pension records to assist you in your search. On top of that, Special Collections has obituary records from the Tennessean and Nashville Banner newspapers. For an example, view the 1940 U.S. Census from Indiana below. This census shows my great-grandfather's household, when my grandfather was only 14. It's difficult to read, but I've included a zoomed-in photo of the various categories.
Another tool we use often when assisting patrons is Familysearch.org. It's a free-to-use genealogy site/service that you do have to create an account for, but again, that's free to do. It pulls from the same sources as Ancestry - census records, social security records, etc., but I personally prefer this site over Ancestry because it's easier to use and often more accurate. And again, it's free! No need to be in a Library building or have a Library card.
What We Have:
- Marriage Records:
- Marriage records are one of the most complete record groups we have here in Archives, and are highly beneficial records to genealogy research. Not just for the obvious of identifying family members and date of marriages, but also with providing addresses. The addresses are typically found in the marriage books and were added sometime after the beginning of the 20th century.
- We have them indexed and on the website up til 1916. We're still currently working on an index that will include all Davidson County marriages from 1917 through 1980. After 1980, you can find all Tennessee marriages indexed on the Shelby County Register of Deeds website.
- Birth/Death Records:
- You can find an index for these on our website, but the date ranges that we have of these is pretty minimal - Birth: 1881-1913, Death: 1874-1913. We only have them on microfilm, but they're unique in the info they provide as well.
- Original Wills:
- Obviously useful records for estate and descendant information, we have both original wills and will books 1-63 (books after that are with Probate Court). The original wills we have date from 1783-1992. But we only have up to 1963 onsite; the rest are at our storage facility. To locate a will, we recommend providing us with a name, docket number, and preferably probate date. If you don't have this information, you'll need to contact Probate Court.
- City Directories:
- These are probably our most-used resource for both family and house genealogy. These directories provide valuable information about individuals, companies, institutions, etc. Whether you're looking for a family member or trying to see who lived at your residence years ago, these are always your best bet. The oldest directory we have (and still in decent shape too) is from 1859. It's quite small. We have them sporadically up to 2011. We also have these on microfilm up to 1929, which is preferred because our older ones are in rough shape.
- Clippings files:
- Clippings simply refer to newspaper clippings, and these were cut out and collected based on family name, location, business, school, topic, etc. So for example, if you're doing research on Music Row, we can pull the massive folder we have that contains a variety of newspaper clippings and documents related to that part of town.
- Naturalization Records:
- These really aren't frequently used, but when they are used, they're helpful. We have both an index (from 1803-1906) and some of the original naturalization records that took place in Nashville between 1853-1904. These records can also be found in several of the court books.
- Court Records:
- We have court records from Davidson County, Chancery, Circuit, Criminal, and Quarterly Courts. Information such as land disputes, adoption accounts, divorce records, probated wills, and various other cases are included in these records. We don't have all of the books from each court; to learn what we have, check out our website. Some of the cases can be a little peculiar too, such as the Chancery Court case you see below...
You're sure they're no longer interested?
Other cool stuff
- Cemetery Records:
- Our cemetery records, mostly on microfilm, include records from Nashville City Cemetery (an index to interments from 1846-2001), Mt. Olivet Cemetery (lot cards from 1851-1991), and Spring Hill Cemetery (1901-1985). Another good resource to use for other cemeteries is the Davidson County Cemetery Survey.
- Here's another example of a strange entry found in these records. The deceased individual was transferred from the "fountain of health". It must've ran dry...
- Deed Records:
- We use these records more commonly with house genealogy research, but if you know for sure that your relative owned land in Nashville/Davidson County, or even if you're trying to find that out, we have the materials. We have a few of the original deed books, dating from 1784 to 1901 (only a few of them on site though). There's also an index to search on microfilm. The Davidson County Register of Deeds Office will have later deed records as well.
- It'd be rare that we could find a photo of your relative, unless they were a city official (maybe not even then), someone famous, or in one of the yearbooks we have. But you also never know; don't count our photo collections out either. The bulk of our images telling Nashville's story come from the Metro Photographer's Collection and various government departments. Mostly, they range from the 1940's-1960's, but there are a few gems in there that are older and show a much different version of Nashville.
- Here's a few of my favorites from our Hicks-Green Glass Plate Negative Collection (dated between 1890-1920's) and our McClanahan-Weakley Family Collection:
From Hicks-Green: This is 5th Ave between Church and Union (the Arts District now) during the 1897 Tennessee Centennial Celebration. Maybe it's not too different from today's city...
McClanahan-Weakley Family Collection: Unknown date, but this photo shows the flooding of what I assume to be the Cumberland River, though it could potentially be the Tennessee River as well. I'm not sure. Good place to escape the rising waters though...
- Reference Materials:
- We also have a few bookshelves filled with reference materials that can be helpful in your family search. Some of these books are simply indexes (such as the cover photo for the blog; that's an index to the first marriages in Nashville), while others are either history of Nashville-type texts, and also some government-related materials such as the Annual Reports for Nashville schools in the early 1900's.
- One example of a book we commonly recommend to patrons that are interested in early Nashville history (as in when the city was founded circa 1779-80) is Chronicles of the Cumberland Settlements, 1779-1796 (see the cover below). This book was written/compiled by one of our favorite Archives' regulars, Paul Clements, who took 11 years to complete the text. It includes first-hand accounts of events that shaped Nashville's birth and growth, mostly from journal entries or newspaper clippings. Quite fascinating indeed, and most importantly, has an index of names. So if you're researching for a relative that you think was in Nashville during that era, this book will be helpful to you.
- Newspapers on microfim:
- These are rarely used because we do not have an index for them, but they're great to look at if you have an event and date you're certain of, or if you're bored. It's a collection of several old newspapers that used to be published in Nashville many moons ago, dates ranging from 1800 to the late 1970's. They're mostly small newspapers, but there's also the Nashville Whig and Nashville Republican - two newspapers that eventually helped form the Tennessean.
- I mostly mention these because we also have a couple of abstract books for early Tennessee newspapers, that can include some interesting information published in newspapers. For example, this entry from the Jackson Gazette, Oct. 22nd, 1825, Vol. II, No. 21...
As if 8-foot-tall men walked around the city all the time.
Sample Research with Adelicia Acklen...
To show you a sample of some of our helpful records, and also honor Women's History Month, here's a little background information on one of Nashville's most prominent women - Adelicia Acklen (full name actually Adelicia Hayes Franklin Acklen Cheatham).
If you're not familiar with her name...well, you should be. She's most famously known for building the Belmont Mansion with her second husband, Joseph A.S. Acklen, around 1850. She was also and may still today be considered one of the wealthiest women in Tennessee.
After the death of her first husband, Isaac Franklin, Adelicia was left an inheritance of approximately $1 million in businesses and land. Her next 2 husbands both signed prenuptial agreements, leaving her to manage her businesses and finances solely, which she was successful at. In fact, her second husband helped triple her fortune by the year 1860, just before he died in the Civil War.
Adelicia was only married to her third husband, Dr. William Archer Cheatham, for a short time before leaving him and Nashville behind, moving to Washington, D.C. with 3 of her adult children (she had 10 children, by the way). She died in May, 1887, in New York City while shopping; what a way to go, right? But just before she passed, she sold Belmont Mansion which soon after became a school for girls. I think you know where this ends. Check out a few documents below, related to her property and marriages...
Part of a 1989 news clipping about her life at her summer home, Belmont Mansion...
A copy of the marriage certificate between Adelicia and her second husband, Joseph A.S. Acklen...
The marriage contract (possibly the pre-nup) between Adelicia and Dr. Cheatham...
If You're Serious about doing Genealogy Research...
Side note: I recently finished reading a book that I wrote a blog post about back in October. I know, I should've finished the book before writing the post, but rest assured I have now. Anyway, I added an update to the blog post at the beginning if anyone is interested in reading that. It's a blog post about the book A Murder in Music City by Michael Bishop. He discusses the murder of UT student, Paula Herring, in February 1964, and the cover-up that ensued, leading to the arrest and conviction of the wrong man.Check it out here.